This is a quick and easy guide to get from an RCN Debian Linux image for the BeagleBone (Black) to a working Machinekit installation.
At the time of writing this blog post, there is no ready to use image available. However, in the future, there might be a ready to use image with everything set-up and ready. So please check the page here before you start.
If you eager to start without following the steps (although I recommend you do so) you can download the resulting image here: BBB Machinekit Image with Debian Stretch
Download and Flash Debian BBB image
First of all, start by downloading the latest Stretch console image: Console image.
Next, flash to a micro-SD card. I recommend using Etcher for the job.
Flash the image to BBB eMMC
Now it's time to flash the files from the micro-SD card to the eMMC of the BBB.
To auto-flash the image when inserting the SD card into your BBB you can uncomment the last line in
/boot/uEnv.txt on the rootfs.
In case you have an older BBB or you don't want to modify the
uEnv.txt, you will need to trigger flashing manually by holding the user button during boot until the running lights appear.
Connecting via SSH
For the next steps, we will use SSH to connect to the BBB.
Under Linux or Mac OS X just use any terminal application.
If you are using Windows, please use PuTTY.
Note: The BBB creates two network interfaces when connected. One with IP address
192.168.7.2 and another one with
192.168.6.2. In this guide I will refer just to
192.168.7.2, but if you are experiencing any problems feel free to use the other.
Log in and create the machinekit user
Following, we add a machinekit user and then remove the default debian user.
Log in via SSH with the username
debian and password
Please verify that the BBB has booted the correct Linux/image version:
uname -a cat /etc/dogtag
You should see the Linux kernel version and the image creation date as stated where you download the BBB images files.
Next, we need to execute the following steps:
- create the machinekit user
- remove the sudo password
- change the root password
sudo su adduser machinekit
Use the password
machinekit or anything else (dont' forget it).
usermod -aG sudo,kmem,netdev,video machinekit echo -e "# No sudo password for machinekit user\nmachinekit ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL" > /etc/sudoers.d/90-machinekit exit
Then log out from the SSH shell with
Log in again to the BBB with the username
machinekit and password
machinekit (I hope you didn't forget it).
sudo su deluser debian rm -rf /home/debian exit
Now we are back at the machinekit user shell.
Install the basics
Subsequent, I recommend installing the following packages. Feel free to add or remove packages as you need.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install -y avahi-daemon network-manager nano git usbutils dirmngr locales firmware-misc-nonfree \ libnotify-bin iw dnsmasq apt-offline zip unzip \ libprotobuf-c0-dev protobuf-c-compiler libjpeg-dev python-smbus make python-setuptools python-dev gcc python-zmq libzmq3-dev \ libzmq3-dev libprotobuf-dev
The next step ensures that your locale is configured correctly. I choose en_US.UTF-8 for my system.
sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales
Install the RT Kernel
Now it's time to install the PREEMPT_RT kernel on our system.
For this, we can use the prepared scripts.
cd /opt/scripts/tools/ sudo su git pull ./update_kernel.sh --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4
Once the installation is complete, reboot the system and run the following command to install additional firmware packages.
sudo apt install linux-firmware-image-`uname -r`
Succeeding, we need to disable all universal device tree overlay we don't need. In my case, that's the HDMI (video and audio) and the wireless cape.
For this purpose, we open the
/boot/uEnv.txt in the text editor of your choice.
sudo nano /boot/uEnv.txt
And change the following lines.
###Disable auto loading of virtual capes (emmc/video/wireless/adc) #disable_uboot_overlay_emmc=1 disable_uboot_overlay_video=1 disable_uboot_overlay_audio=1 disable_uboot_overlay_wireless=1 #disable_uboot_overlay_adc=1
Improve boot performance
You don't need to follow the next steps if you are happy with the startup performance of the BBB as is.
However, I found it useful to do the following optimizations since I noticed slower boots compared to the Debian Wheezy images.
First, disable the wait-online Systemd service.
sudo systemctl disable systemd-networkd-wait-online.service
Then, disable the
eth0 interface and enable network-manager instead.
sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces # allow-hotplug eth0
sudo nmcli con add type ethernet con-name dhcp-ethernet ifname eth0
Moreover, disable (in my opinion) for an embedded system useless services.
sudo systemctl disable ModemManager.service sudo systemctl disable debug-shell.service sudo systemctl disable pppd-dns.service
Since I don't use the graphical environment of the BBB, I also disable the graphical Systemd target.
You may have noticed that we started from the console image, so this shouldn't make any difference anyway.
sudo systemctl set-default multi-user.target
Now, that we have everything set up and ready it is time to install Machinekit.
I copied the following commands from the official Machinekit docs. In case you encounter problems, make sure to check for updates there.
First, set up the official Machinekit repository:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 43DDF224 sudo sh -c \ "echo 'deb http://deb.machinekit.io/debian stretch main' > \ /etc/apt/sources.list.d/machinekit.list" sudo apt-get update
Then install the Machinekit packages with the following command:
sudo apt install machinekit-rt-preempt
To verify everything is set-up and ready you can run the following command:
realtime start halcmd show pin
You should see that the HAL configuration is running and empty.
Stop it again by running:
If you want something quick and actionable, clone and run the anddemo.
cd mkdir -p repos cd repos git clone https://github.com/qtquickvcp/anddemo.git cd anddemo ./run.py
Additional step: Setup mklauncher
You may want to try out the QtQuickVcp remote user interfaces.
To launch remote UIs from the comfort of your desktop computer you need to install and start the
mklauncher as a service.
The quickest way to achieve this is by using the
wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/machinekoder/3eaa42f79f7a19e2244a/raw/c1a98793bb15be49f04bef2fceac09020a978058/register.py sudo python register.py
Follow the steps and you should be ready to go.
Then, download the MachinekitClient and start playing.
Flash the eMMC contents back to the micro-SD card
It's always useful to know how to create a new micro-SD card image from eMMC contents on the BBB.
Luckily, RCN created a script to make this super easy.
Insert a micro-SD into your BBB and run:
In this quick tutorial, you have learned how to create your own Machinekit image from a pristine RCN Debian image for the BeagleBone.
I hope you found this tutorial useful and if so please share it with your friends and co-workers.